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Eye Examination

Comprehensive Eye Exam For Every Patient

An eye examination lasts 30 minutes.

This gives the Optometrist time to carry out all the necessary checks needed in order to check your latest prescription and the health of your eye.


The beginning of the exam starts with the Optometrist asking you a range of questions regarding your visual symptoms and general health.This is to determine how we can best help you, whether its changing the prescription to solve any problems regarding your vision or investigating the cause of any problems you may be experiencing such as gritty, sore or watery eyes.

A full in-depth exam of your eye will be carried out using a range of specialised equipment.

Checking the health of your eye is a very important part of the eye test. This allows the Optometrist to pick up on early eye conditions that may be performing such as cataracts or glaucoma, as well as underlying problems such as hypertension or diabetes.

The Optometrist will use a range of equipment to test your eyes:

  • Goldmans or Pulsair – Measures eye pressure

  • Humphrey Visual fields or FDT – Measure peripheral vision

  • Slitlamp – Checks Anterior & Posterior eye health

  • Volk – Binocular indirect view of the fundus / eye health

  • Ophthalmoscope – Monocular direct view of fundus /eye health

Segal Opticians are committed to helping keep your eyes healthy and providing you with high quality treatment and care.

Cat Wearing Glasses
Eye Exam

The Retina

The retina is the only place in the body where blood vessels can be seen directly. This means, in addition to certain eye conditions, signs of other diseases such as a stroke, heart disease, hypertension, and diabetes can be seen in the retina. Early detection is vital so treatments can be given as soon as possible.

Diabetes affects the eyes and the kidneys and is a leading cause of blindness. Retinopathy occurs when diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels inside the retina.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Understanding Eye Conditions

To effectively treat any eye condition, we must gain a complete understanding of the problem. Here are some helpful descriptions of known conditions

AMD (Age-Related Macular Degeneration)

The centre of the retina (the macula) can become diseased as we get older. This results in alterations to our fine central vision, making daily activities such as driving and reading difficult.

Glaucoma (Increased Eye Pressure)

Glaucoma causes damage to the optic nerve and almost always develops without symptoms.

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

Increased pressure can result in changes to the blood vessels in the eye. This increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (a stroke or heart disease).

AMD (Age-Related Macular Degeneration)

Glaucoma (Increased Eye Pressure)

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

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